CivilWar Rosters
10thMissouri Infantry

*Company A, TenthMissouri Infantry, was recruited in Schuyler County by Leonidas Horney,who had been a soldier in the Mexican War and had been promoted from theranks to a captaincy. The most of the volunteers in this company were fromLittleton Township, but others were taken in to make a full company. Atthe time the company was organized, Captain Horney offered the servicesof his volunteers to Governor Yates, but the Illinois quota at that timewas full, and as the men were eager for military service they went to St.Louis, where they were mustered into service at Jefferson Barracks August9, 1861, as Co. A, Tenth Missouri Infantry. This regiment was made up largelyfrom Illinois volunteers who were unable to obtain admission to servicein their own State.

From Jefferson Barracks theregiment went into service along the Gasconade River, and spent their firstwinter at Herman, Mo. From there they made an attack on General Cobb’stroops at High Hill, Mo., and drove the Confederates to Boonesboro. Followingthis engagement Captain Horney was commissioned Major.

From Herman, Mo., the regimentwas sent back to Jefferson Barracks and from there to Cape Girardeau, Mo.,thence to Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River, where the regimentwas in a hot skirmish May 29, 1862. They also took part in the battle ofIuka, Miss., September 13-20, 1862, and in the battle of Corinth, October4, 1862, the regiment lost in killed and wounded 91 men. Major Horney waswounded in the right leg in this engagement, but he remained with his troopsthroughout the fight. For his conspicuous bravery on the field of battlehe was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel October 25, 1862.

The winter of 1862-63 wasspent near Germantown above Memphis, and from there the regiment marchedto Vicksburg. On May 8, 1863, Colonel Horney received a congratulatoryletter from General Grant for capturing 1,000 prisoners and five guns whilemarching to Vicksburg. On Thursday May 14, 1863, the regiment led a chargeat Jackson, Miss., and their loss was 85 killed and wounded.

In the siege of Vicksburgthe Tenth Missouri was in the engagement at Champion Hills and was heldin reserve until 3 o’clock on the afternoon of May 16, 1863. Orders werethen given for the regiment to charge, and Colonel Horney at the head ofhis troops drove the enemy back and won the victory for the Union forces.After the main body had been repulsed the regiment was ordered to clearthe field of minor detachments that had not abandoned their position. ColonelHorney rode in advance of his regiment and noted a squad of six or eightsoldiers in blue uniform whom he took to be Union soldiers. They were,however, rebels in disguise, and as he rode up they fired. One bullet piercedhis side and another his head and he fell from his horse into the armsof his devoted men, who at the first sign of treachery had rushed to theircommander’s aid. Colonel Horney was one of the able commanders in the Vicksburgcampaign and his death cut short a brilliant military career, for he hadthe confidence of his superior officers who had noted his fearless braveryin action and the masterly manner in which he hadled his men. He was buriedon the field of battle, and nearly two years elasped before his remainswere brought home. On February 15, 1865, they were interred with militaryhonors in the old family burying ground at Thompson Cemetery, LittletonTownship.

After the siege of Vicksburgthe regiment was sent to Helena, Ark., on September 12, 1863, and fromthere marched to Chattanooga, arriving there November 20th. On November25th the regiment went into action at Missionary Ridge, where a loss of69 men was sustained. Major Walker was wounded in the shoulder in thisengagement, Captain Russell killed and four Lieutenants wounded, but CompanyA went through the battle without losing a man killed and only two slightlywounded.

Following this engagementthe regiment did guard duty at Brownsboro, Ala., and was mustered out atSt. Louis August 24, 1864.

Company A.
Abbott, Moses R. – Private
Adkinson, Daniel – Private
Ainsworth, Albert S. – Private
Applegate, B. T. – Private
Ashcraft, J. F. – Private
Ashcraft, Richard – Private
Ashcraft, Samuel – Private
Bawden [*Bowden], William- Private, died of disease
Belchambers, Frank – Private
Bell, George W. – Corporal
Bell, James M. – Private
Bingham, Joseph R. – Private
Bird, John – Private
Bly, William F. – Private
Briggs, William H. – Private,lost on Steamer Gen. Lyon.
Burnett, Enos – Private
Busby, Zebulon – Private,died of disease
Castor, Lewis – Private
Colt, A. R. – Private, promotedCapt. of Colored Regiment
Cooper, Joseph A. – Private
Craycraft, Charles – Private
Cross, James H. – Private
Daily, Michael – Private
Davis, A. J. – Private,promoted Capt. of Co. B, 10th Regt.
Dennis, William – Private
Dewitt, Edmund – Private
Dewitt, James A. – Private
Dunlavy, Jas. G. – Private
Dusher, William – Private
Ellicott, William H. – Private
Gould, John C. – Private
Harbison, John S. – Private,died of disease
Herbert, James W. – Private
Holmes, Cyrus – Private
Horney, Leonard [*Leonidas]- Captain, killed as Lieutenant Colonel at Champion Hills, Mississippi.
Jacobs, Peter S. – Private
Johnson, Samuel – Private
Legg, James M. – Private
Line, Edmund – Private
Line, William – Drummer
Logan, Benjamin R. – Private
Long, Jacob Clement – Private,died of wounds
Lucas, William R. – Private
McCabe, Miles – Private
McGrath, Lloyd – Private
McIntire, William – Private
McNeill, John – Corporal
Melton, Samuel – Private
Middleton, D. F. – Private
Middleton, James – Corporal
Middleton, John M. – Private
Moore, Henry – Private
Moriarty, G. L. – Private
Nichols, G. W. – Private
Odell, Alfred J. – Private
Odell, D. Clinton – Private
Pare, David J. – Private
Parson, Jacob – Private
Pennington, James – Private
Peyton, A. D. – Private
Pitman, Sandford – Private,died of wounds
Reed, John S. – Private
Reed, Samson W. – Private
Rice, Thomas A. – Private
Roach, John N. [*W] – Private
Roach, Levi W. – Private
Roberts, Thomas – Private
Roper [*Raper], Henry F.- Private
Sanford, Volney – Private
Sellers, Andrew – Private,lost on Steamer Gen. Lyon.
Sellers, Lafayette – Private
Sellers, Leroy – Private
Severns, L. J. – Private
Sheesely, Daniel – Private
Sheppard, Robert – Private
Snyder, David H. – Private
Snyder, William – Private
Snyder, William F. – Private
Sprague, Samuel – Private,died of disease
Stodgel, Francis M. – Private,lost on Steamer Gen. Lyon.
Swim, John – Private
Thompkins, George W. – Private
Thompson, Samuel S. – Private
Thrush, George – Private
Thrush, Robert A. – Private
Thrush, Wm. F. – Private
Toland, Howard – Private,died of disease
Tolle, Charles W. – Private
Tolle, Moses C. – Fifer
Vosburg, Cornelius – Private,died of disease
Walker, Joseph – First Lieutenant,promoted to Major of Regiment.
Williams, William – Private
Wilson, Elijah M., Jr. -Private
Wilson, Parker – Private
Wimple, Minard – Private
Wyckoff, James A. – Private

 
Sources:
Combined History of Schuylerand Brown Counties, Illinois, 1882
*Historical Encyclopediaof Illinois and History of Schuyler County, 1908

Copyright 2000-2006 Judi Gilker; all rights reserved. For personal use only. Commercial use ofthe information contained in these pages is strictly prohibited withoutprior permission. If copied, this copyright must appear with the information.

 

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